What Is Crumble Weed?
Countries with high wax production What is CBD wax extract? It is a Cannabis extract with a high concentration of positive components such as fatty acids and omega-3s, terpenes, phyto-proteins. Butane dissolves oils and other soluble compounds, leaving out other materials which then remain there as waste.
Since BHO is able to extract the oil directly from the trichomes, many consider the wax produced with this process to be extremely valuable, pure, concentrated.
The wax a little bit of history. If a time to smoke Cannabis was good for a rolled cigarette and an evening with friends, over time the techniques for smoking have evolved in the direction of a more careful use to eliminate the harmful effects of smoking on the brain. The wax gives the brain a really intense and very pleasant experience. Smoking wax leads to better assimilation of the precious substances contained within this cannabis extract. The THC present in the wax is assimilated very quickly and causes intense relief from pain and other ailments that are to be treated with this cannabinoid.
Hemp lovers, therefore, find this extract simply irresistible, and cannot fail to take it. How is the wax made? The wax is extracted from the mature inflorescences, which are inserted inside a tube. It is then evaporated, also because it is a harmful component for our body and must not be mixed with the wax. Depending on the solvent and, obviously, on the genetic variety used, the wax will have a different appearance and different characterizing functional substances.
However, the wax contains high percentages of precious cannabinoids. Composition and uses of the wax Wax is a concentrate extracted from Cannabis and falls within the BHOs. The mixture that we described earlier, which comes out of the solvent extraction, is then further treated and rearranged in order to obtain the extract, whose consistency is very similar to that of beeswax.
The product is not transparent and indeed has a waxy consistency; it is sold under several names. The best known are Honeycomb, Budder, Crumble. Wax is a product that, thanks to its nature and the particular extraction and manipulation process to which it is subjected, contains high percentages of cannabinoids.
According to some consumers, the clearest wax would be the best. If anything, it is the opposite the transparent wax has not been subjected well to the extraction and manipulation processes that we have described, so in the end, it is a poor product. How to consume the wax?
There are many ways. Hash vaporizers can generally also be used but if the wax is very liquid or sticky it might be preferable to put it in a dab rig, the specific bongos that are used for Cannabis concentrates. Crumble in a bong, along with the buds. A pipe for hash and wax You can easily buy common hash pipes, inexpensive. You can safely smoke the wax without having to spend exorbitant sums for too expensive dabbing pipes with them.
Even modern models of vaporizers can be used to smoke wax without exposing yourself to the negative consequences of smoking. However, it must be ensured that these are not models that cannot reach the temperature necessary to adequately release the nutrients of the wax. This means vaporizing the extract with a particular pipe, called dab rig, suitable for wax, which manages to vaporize the extract with the help of a lighter with a blowtorch.
Difference between wax and other extractions The wax and the shatter are the same substance, but with two different styles. Both contain very high concentrations of cannabinoids and are very suitable for vaping and dabbing. Other concentrates are oils, charas, Dutch hash … However, the various concentrates are obtained from very different extractions.
Propane, alcohol, hydrocarbons, cold pressing, carbon dioxide, steam … While shatter and wax are extracted using the solvent BHO as a technique, the other extractions are very varied and different, as will the final product.
This is because butane is a very volatile, easily flammable gas. As far as the wax is concerned, it is also concerned, a product with high concentrations of THC, which is why other concerns relate to the potential risk of overdose. Countries with high wax production Spain, India, Pakistan, the Netherlands, Nepal, Turkey — basically these are the countries that produce most of the marijuana resin, as well as wax and other extracts.
BHO – Everything You Need to Know
This concentration of beneficial compounds allows the user to consume a far smaller volume to achieve the same effects. This article discusses the different extraction techniques used to make cannabis concentrates.
Cannabis concentrates are incredibly diverse, but are popular because they help users harness the full medical potential of the plant. Plus, concentrates are often a bit more conservative, helping smokers save money in the long run. Types of Cannabis Concentrates Many people refer to concentrates by their consistency, i. However, the consistency of a concentrate alone does not indicate which extraction technique was used.
The same extraction method can deliver a variety of final-product consistencies, depending on a number of factors. The reason for this distinction is that extraction practices dictate the healthiness of the concentrate, while the consistency is largely preference-based from a consumer standpoint. For instance, many people debate shatter vs. Starting material can range from dry trim to cured buds to fresh frozen whole plants.
Shatter Shatter is one of the most popular forms of cannabis concentrates made through a butane-based extraction and is considered a form of Butane Hash Oil BHO. The trichomes are then processed into shatter, which carries highly concentrated amounts of these cannabinoids like THC and terpenes. The resulting material is hard, but brittle, with a semi-transparent, amber color that gives it an appearance similar to thin peanut brittle.
Shatter can be easily broken hence its name so that small portions can be used with a dab rig or other vaporizing device , or pieces can be placed inside a joint or blunt when smoking. Shatter provides fast-acting effects that are long-lasting, and many people prefer shatter to some other concentrates because it often contains at least percent THC.
Wax Wax is another form of BHO and is sometimes called Budder, named after its soft, waxy consistency and golden color. Therefore, wax needs to be used soon after purchase, as opposed to some concentrates that may hold their potency for months or years.
However, the soft consistency of wax makes it easier to work with for many users, since it can be easily separated into doses as needed as compared to shatter, which is hard to portion because it breaks into unpredictable pieces. The strong, immediate effects are comparable to shatter and other BHO products. Live Resin Live resin is one of the newest forms of cannabis concentrates and is also considered to be a form of Butane Hash Oil. It differs from other forms of BHO and most concentrates in multiple ways that make it more appealing for some users, especially those hoping to reap the many medicinal benefits associated with the cannabis plant.
Unlike other concentrates, which are generally processed from dried cannabis flower, this concentrate is made using nearly the entire plant immediately after harvest.
To make live resin, the stalk, leaves, stems, and flower of freshly harvested cannabis plants are cryogenically frozen, and then blasted with Butane at temperatures below degrees Fahrenheit. The collected material is then dried in a vacuum chamber at low temperatures, which allows sensitive terpenes like Myrcene to be better preserved.
The resulting material is a concentrated, full spectrum cannabis product that contains more terpenes than many other concentrate formulation. Did you know you can achieve the same fast-acting results with CBD dabs? CBD concentrates and isolates can be used in any dab rig or dabber to provide high doses of pure CBD for intensive symptom relief in minutes. Derived from organic, non-GMO, sustainably-grown hemp and batch-tested for quality, purity, and potency, CBD isolate is exceptional and effective.
Budder Budder refers to cannabis extracts with a creamy, buttery consistency. It is also called crumble or cake batter. The consistency is comparable to soft wax and is much more forgiving to work with than shatter. Perhaps the only downside to budder is that it is less visually appealing than some other consistencies.
Budder can be vaped, dabbed, twaxed inside the joint or blunt , smoked, or used in edibles. Sap Sap is a term used to describe the soft, viscous, sticky consistency of cannabis concentrates. This consistency is typically pliable, oily, and relatively easy to work with, albeit quite sticky. We recommend storing sappy concentrates in parchment paper or a non-stick silicone container. Sap maintains the glossy visual appeal of shatter with a more forgiving consistency and is equally suited for use both at home and on the go.
It can be dabbed and vaporized with ease, and because sappy extracts are pliable, they are easy to spread around your joints and blunts. Saps can also be incorporated in edibles once decarboxylation has occurred.
It can stretch or snap when pulled based on ambient temperature and amount of force used. More abrupt motions will cause the concentrate to fracture, while gentle movements will cause it to stretch. This is one of our favorite consistencies to work with, as it is visually appealing, manageable to handle, and not quite as sticky as sap.
It is the best consistency for wrapping clean, visually appealing snakes around joints or blunts when twaxing. It can be consumed inside or outside, in nearly every fashion: dabbed, vaporized, smoked, or used in edibles. Resin Resin is a blanket word referring to several forms of the same thing. The most common way to hear this word used is in reference to the resin found in the bowls of pipes and bongs after smoking.
This thick, blackish substance is a concentrated collection of trichomes that evaporate from the bud while smoking.
Technically, the term resin refers to all of the trichomes and sap-like material that covers the flower and sugar leaves of the plant. This resin is responsible for protecting the plant through its flowering phase to help the cannabis plant reach maturity, but it also contains all of the active cannabinoids needed to produce medicinal effects. Fresh resin aka trichomes can be used to make solventless concentrates, like dry sift or ice water extraction hash pictured above.
Additionally, resin in the form of kief can be added to bowls, joints, or blunts to boost the potency. Some users even scrape and smoke the resin from their bongs in order to utilize every bit of the THC from their stash.
Rosin Rosin is one of the only forms of cannabis concentrate that can be safely made at home. Rosin refers to a concentrated cannabis solution that is formed when dry flower is processed with a combination of pressure and heat. Many people press rosin at home with a hair straightener, but some dispensaries offer a rosin pressing station where people can opt to use some of their freshly purchased flower to make rosin.
Rosin is a thick, waxy substance that can be used on a dab rig or with some vaporizers. Step-by-step instructions on how to make rosin at home can be found further down in this article. Cannabis Concentrate Extraction Types Cannabis concentrates can be divided into two main categories: solvent and solventless extractions.
A solvent is a substance that dissolves a solid, resulting in a liquid solution. When we talk about cannabis concentrates, popular solvents include: butane, propane, CO2, and alcohol.
Solventless extractions do not introduce any foreign substances except for water. Solvent-Based Cannabis Extraction Methods Solvent-based extractions typically produce concentrates that are known as oil. If made properly, this means the concentrate will be free of plant matter also known as contaminate. These oils will melt and vaporize to nothing—meaning very minimal residue will remain on the nail if dabbed, for instance. The consistency of solvent-based cannabis concentrates varies greatly based on a few factors: strain of cannabis , growing conditions, curing environment, extraction technique, the solvent used, purging process and equipment used all play a role in the final product.
Although dangerous to make at home, sophisticated machinery has made commercial production safe and effective. BHO should be produced by a reputable extractor who understands how to properly purge each run to avoid unpleasant aftertaste or harsh residual butane.
Perhaps the best analogy for how it works is an espresso machine: As the water passes through the puck of ground coffee beans, it strips them of their oils which contain the caffeine, flavor, and aroma into a filtered, highly concentrated solution. For cannabis, the extractor places plant material in a column with a filtration screen at the end, and as the butane passes through the column it strips the plant material of its cannabinoids and terpenes.
The solution containing both butane and beneficial cannabis compounds is then placed in a vacuum oven in order to evaporate, or purge, the BHO of its butane and any other foreign contaminants. There is almost always a trace amount of butane in the oil produced by these extractions, so try to minimize your risk by purchasing lab-tested BHO. Some legal states have begun to place maximums on the amount PPM of residual solvent allowed in BHO sold in dispensaries.
Make sure your oil is properly purged! Purging BHO oil can happen in a variety of ways. Typically, people opt to use vacuums to reduce the boiling point of the oil and prevent burning or oxidation. Removing gas from the oil helps to make the dab more enjoyable. Although others are possible, the consistency of PHO is typically budder. The process of propane extraction is very similar to butane extraction, the primary difference is simply swapping butane for propane.
Propane extractions run at higher pressures, stripping different ratios of plant waxes and oils than butane which, depending on the strain, can deliver fewer residuals and higher levels of terpene preservation. Propane has a lower boiling point than butane, which allows for a lower purging temperature for PHO and results in the buddery consistency as opposed to shatter.
Note that some extraction companies utilize a blend of propane and butane. CO2 CO2 oil is the golden liquid used in almost every pre-filled vaporizer pen cartridge. CO2 oil is substantially safer than propane and butane-derived extracts. CO2 oil is a clean, dab-able product once removed from the extraction machine with no harmful residuals or risk of toxicity.
Another upside to CO2 extractions is that it kills any mold or bacteria present in the plant material. CO2 oil is commonly used in edibles and can be purchased in its activated form. CO2 extractions almost always produce a viscous oil color can range from amber to dark that is typically delivered in an oral syringe.
However, secondary refining processes can bring CO2 extractions to a stable, shatter-like state. Supercritical or subcritical carbon dioxide extractions involve holding the CO2 at high or low pressures, respectively; the process involves extremely expensive extraction machines. The CO2 passes through the cannabis material and strips the plant of its oils, waxes and other matter. By adjusting certain parameters, the extractor can save more cannabinoids and terpenes in order to preserve purity or strip more unessential material like chlorophylls to increase yield.
Alcohol Concentrates can also be created by soaking ground cannabis in alcohol either isopropyl or Everclear. A short soak is all that is needed to isolate the cannabinoids and terpenes from the starting material. A longer soak will also dissolve undesired plant materials like chlorophylls and waxes.
Alcohol-based concentrates are safe to make at home and are safe to consume, assuming the solution has been filtered and purged.
Purging, or evaporating, the alcohol requires precise temperature control and patience. This type of concentrate, also known as Rick Simpson Oil, is typically consumed orally or via tincture. This type of concentrate is generally purchased for medical application due to its potent cancer-fighting properties , as opposed to recreational use. Isolate Distillation, also known as isolation, is a form of extraction and refinement that separates full-spectrum plant oil into its individual constituents—meaning you can isolate the THC, CBD, and terpenes individually from a batch of full-spectrum oil.
Butane and BHO Toxicity
For the average home grower harvesting a pound or two at a time, I would suggest this tube. I do not recommend getting tubes that use hose clamps and rubber corks to hold the material in. The rubber stopper can pop out, ruining your shatter and getting butane soaked material everywhere.
A vacuum chamber and an electric skillet. Some skillets will hold a consistent temperature, some not. It is absolutely necessary to get one if you want to make quality shatter. Vacuum Pump: I use a 3cfm, single stage vac pump. I use the one shown is this picture. It is a white corning ware oven safe round dish. Then put that inside a regular stove top pan. A round dish works the best because it transfers to the round vac chamber easier. The big pan should have warm water in it. If you attempt to blast without water in the big pan, the dish could freeze to the surface.
A double broiler set up, and letting the butane out of the tube. Be careful not to let it out too fast and splash. PTFE: The days of blasting into pyrex and scraping are over. Now we blast straight into PTFE. You can score some PTFE on ebay. After vac, the shatter will peel right off the PTFE. No scraping, no loss of yield.
Blasted right into the PTFE. It rates 3rd best in residuals by a guy forget his name on toke city. It makes nice clear shatter and it is inexpensive. Google it if you want. If you attempt to blast before your material is fully dry, your shatter may have a green tint to it. Every time you handle it, move it, weigh it, you are losing trichomes.
I always cringe when I see people walking around squeezing buds in their gardens. Throw fan leaves in the garbage, and cut all the frosty trim into a bin.
Here is a typical handful of trim that is ready for blasting. And the bins I use to trim in, shown below. After you are done trimming, you will have a bin full of wet trim.
Can you eat BHO?
I let it dry for about 5 days, turning it over with my hands once a day. I do not suggest moving the trim into brown paper bags. Again, you are losing trichomes, every time you handle it and put it into a different container. Use the same bins over and over.
Different BHO finishes. Get to know them!
Eventually, you will have plenty of kief in the bin to scrape up and sprinkle on your joints. Only after it is dry, then you can pile it up as you see here in this picture. At this time I like to put a lid on it, and burp it every day for a week, then it is ready to blast. A bin full of trim, waiting to be blasted, or made into canna oil. Packing your tube: Before packing make sure you now which end is which.
Most tubes come with a fine screen on the output. A coffee filter, cut just right to fit inside the rubber gasket. Attach the bottom to your tube and start packing from the top. Put in about 3 handfuls, then pack lightly with a piece of PVC pipe, wooden rod, or similar. The material should be packed in so there is no air space around it, but not too tight. This is part of the ART of blasting.
The important thing here is that all fittings, hose clamps, rubber stoppers, etc, are secure! Tube packed and sealed2. Hot water will COOK your shatter, turn it dark and burn off potency and flavor. Approximately one ml can of butane for each ounce of material you are blasting. Nothing electric is turned on in the blasting area not fans, no nothing.
Light switches taped down. Safety goggles 6. Dry, clean towel Blast off! You will probably have a different tube, but you can use the same technique I use here. I blast about 7 zips at a time, so I use 7 cans for each run. Check the tip of your butane can and put it into the top of your tube. It should fit tightly. Butane cans come with a variety of tips that you can exchange to find the best one that works with your tube.
With both top and bottom valves wide open, start putting in butane at the top. When your can runs out, close the top valve, remove the can, put on a new can, open the top valve. Work quickly. We want to flood the material as quickly as possible. Keep putting in butane at the top and soon it will start coming out the bottom. Let a good amount of butane come out about a full canthen close the bottom valve.
Put in one more full can, if possible. Get in as much as you can, as quickly as you can. I always get in 4 cans in my tube initially. After the tube is full of butane, take the tube out of the stand, and flip it upside down.
This will help get the butane to the top of the tube and make sure all the material is soaked. If the tube has frost on it, or is sweating, you may want to wipe it down. DO NOT get water droplets into your oil. Let the tane flow to the top of the tube for about minutes. We are simply trying to flood all of the material with tane at this point.
Butane will come out. Let it google higgs charges coming out until only air is coming out. Close the valve, wait one minute for more butane to flow down, and open the valve again, letting tane out until it stops again. Now, close the bottom valve and put in a total of two more cans. You may need to let a little pressure out the top or bottom of the tube to get in two more cans.
Now, repeat step 2. Now, use one more can to flush everything out and get the last of it. Keep the bottom valve open slightly until only air is coming out. Do this a couple more times until you feel like all the tane is out. Pull your double broiler rig out from under the blasting tube. This will prevent any water droplets from falling into our oil. At any time during the process, if you see water droplets on the tube, you can close the bottom valve, take the tube out and wipe it down, quickly.
The water in your double broiler will be cool by now. You can pour it out and use some warm water, but no warmer than bath water. Another benefit of freezing marijuana is that a company can immediately supply the market with a strain that has become scarce.
Whether the bud is frozen or not, you put in a special extraction system. Some companies prefer to use CO2 extraction instead, in the belief that it is cleaner.
However, when they use butane, all traces are removed long before they turn the extract into wax. Larger organizations have developed some astonishing extraction devices. If the weed is frozen, a company can put in a tall steel column where the butane or propane gas is added to the solvent chamber.
A recirculating chiller first cools, then condenses, the vapor into liquid. Then the solution travels to another chamber, which cools it to a temperature as low as degrees Fahrenheit.
At this temperature, the lipids become solid and separated from the solvent that carries the pungent items and psychoactive material. A filter traps the fatty solids, and the liquid moves into a heated collection chamber. At this stage, the majority of the solvent is boiled off. Now, the collection chamber contains a beautiful sticky resin that we all adore.
Degasification purifies the resin. A specialist pours the resin into trays and places them into a special vacuum oven. Hydrocarbons are removed as they are boiled off. For example, weed with a high terpene content will resemble motor oil.
Introduction To BHO Extraction (Butane Hash Oil)
It is at this stage that firms will tweak the extract to ensure it becomes shatter, wax, budder, or crumble. If you can remember, the creation of crumble involves purging at low heat and whipping it for a long time. Not only does this preserve more flavor, but it could also be healthier.
According to cannabis extract producer Moxie, lower temperatures produce fewer carcinogens. In contrast to the relative safety of crumble, the budder is created by pouring extract into a Pyrex container. This is then whipped while simultaneously increasing the heat. With this method, you lose terpenes and increase the risk of carcinogens in the final product.
Fortunately, it is possible to create your crumble at home. You will need the following items to do it correctly: Fresh or dry marijuana buds Pyrex tray A roller tube such as the Xtractor A pot of hot water Refined gas such as Colibri or Clipper A dabber.