The Filipino clothing style was influenced by the Spaniards who colonized the Philippines from to After the Spanish era, it has continuously evolved and withstood the test of time. The Barong or Barong Tagalog dates back to the precolonial era in the Philippines. It originated with the double sleeve-doublet made of cotton called canga that the Filipino natives wore. The colour of the doublet determined their social status, red for the chiefs, white or black for common people.
It is believed that the Spanish colonizers forced the native Filipinos to design a transparent upper garment, without pockets to prevent them from hiding weapons and to also distinguish them from the ruling class. Ramon Magsaysay helped popularize the lowly inferior Barong. On 30 December , Magsaysay took his oath as the seventh President of the Philippines.
He was the first President to wear the Barong Tagalog at his inauguration and made it the official male attire during official and social functions. Succeeding Philippine presidents have adopted the practice. The barong has become the symbol of Filipino independence and resistance to colonization. They would usually wear the garment on very important occasions like weddings and ceremonial events. Barong is made of jusi material banana silk or pinya fabric pineapple leaf.
It also showcases exquisite embroideries. During the Spanish colonial period, it is the everyday dress of every Filipino woman. The dress has been the symbol of the ideal Filipino woman, beautiful, conservative and adherent to the Catholic values.
Slight differences on the elements and designs provided a way to distinguish the lower class from the aristocrat. The Filipino staff of Ilam Avida Retirement Care in their national costumes celebrating Philippine Independence Day in the facility in Tradisyonal na Damit ng Pilipino: Barong Tagalog at Baro't Saya Ang pinakatanyag na mga damit na naging malaking bahagi ng pagkakakilanlan ng Pilipino ay ang Barong Tagalog para sa mga kalalakihan at ang Baro't Saya para sa mga kababaihan.
Ang istilo ng damit ng Pilipino ay naimpluwensyahan ng mga Kastila nang masakop ang Pilipinas mula hanggang Matapos ang panahon ng pananakop ng Espanya, patuloy itong nagbabago at nasubok ng panahon.
Ang kasaysayan ng Barong o Barong Tagalog ay mula sa pre-kolonyal na panahon, Ang mga katutubo ay nagsuot ng lapat na manggas-doublet na gawa sa koton na tinatawag na canga. Ang kulay ng doublet ay tumutukoy sa kanilang katayuan sa lipunan, pula para sa mga pinuno, puti o itim para sa mga karaniwang tao.
Ito ay pinaniniwalaan na pinilit ng mga Kastila ang mga katutubong Pilipino na magdisenyo ng isang transparent na pang-itaas na damit, na walang bulsa upang maiwasan ng mga ito na magtago ng mga armas at maihiwalay sila sa mga taong nasa kapangyarihan. Si Pangulong Ramon Magsaysay ang naging daan para makilala ang Barong. Noong 30 Disyembre , nanumpa si Magsaysay bilang ika-pitong pangulo ng Pilipinas. Siya and kauna-unahang pangulo na nagsuot ng Barong Tagalog sa kanyang pagpapasinaya at ginawang opisyal na kasuotan na lalaki at sa lahat ng iba pang mga gawain sa estado.
Tinangkilik din ito ng mga sumunod na pangulo ng Pilipinas. Ang barong ay naging simbolo ng kalayaan ng Pilipino at paglaban sa kolonisasyon.
Sa mga dekada na humahantong sa rebolusyon ng Pilipinas laban sa kolonyal na rehimen ng Espanya, ang mga indibidwal at maliit na grupo ng mga tao ay nakamit ang sosyo-ekonomiko at pangkulturang kapangyarihan sa paraan na hindi nila kailanman nagawa sa mga unang araw ng kolonisasyon. Ang Barong sa modernong panahon ay itinuturing na pormal na damit para sa mga kalalakihan sa Pilipinas. Karaniwan nilang sinusuot ang damit na ito sa mga mahahalagang okasyon tulad ng mga kasal at seremonya.
Ang Barong ay gawa sa jusi materyal sedang saging o tela ng pinya pinya ng dahon , ipinapakita din nito ang mga katangi-tanging burda. Ang Baro't Saya naman ay isang maluwag na kasuotan na binubuo ng baro, isang pinong blusa ng tela na nilagyan ng mga butterfly na manggas, at isang saya, palda na gawa sa plaid o may guhit na koton.
Sa panahon ng Kastila, ito ang pang-araw-araw na damit ng bawat babaeng Pilipino. Ang damit na ito ay naging simbolo ng huwarang babaeng Pilipino, maganda, konserbatibo at sumusunod sa mga paniniwala ng Katoliko. Ang mga bahagyang pagkakaiba sa mga elemento at disenyo ng damit ay nagsisilbing paraan upang makilala ang kaibahan ng pangkaraniwang tao at ng aristokrat.
Whatever circumstance that had brought me into this world, I still could not find a reason good enough to blame the fate that brought me here inasmuch as University of the Philippines is concerned.
And while I, together with my publication staff, am discussing to write any column as a tribute to the university, I cannot think of anything to offer but myself. As the man who guards our gates stands naked, we too are empty when we first entered the university premises.
Better are those who came from science high schools who learned finer knowledge in college algebra or advanced chemistry and afforded not to listen well in their professors during first year college, or cut classes at most. This modified statement in effect does not only give us equal opportunities to learn and be accomplished, but as well give us the same propensities to fail.
It is only in UP where we are not reprimanded by the guidance counselors for not attending classes consecutively or rebutting the professors inside the class. And this is the only campus so profuse of personal stories that sometimes make us saturated of our own personal issues that it is not just enough to be emotional for it brings us no good at all.
This is the very reason why we see thousands of students very determined to be closer to their dreams and finish off the rally victoriously. The list is not exhaustive to enumerate all we get to experience to painstakingly attain the designation as a successful Iskolar ng Bayan. Given all those things that we could be proud of, however, UP employs a unique system of scraping off our excesses to let us learn our shortfalls and mistakes primarily caused by our bloating heads.
So this leads us to the fact that sometimes we have no right to question why we have stern professors, unbecoming classmates having diametrically opposite ideals, and conflicts of personalities with other persons around. This system nevertheless brings us to a challenging scenario where we squeeze all our wits to survive and be alive. After all, it pays to substantiate what we are claiming. May the centennial celebrations will bring us all to a common place where we rekindle our true UP spirit: the spirit of excellence and critical-thinking.
And this is the only campus so profuse of personal stories that sometimes make us saturated of our own personal issues that it is not just enough to be emotional for it brings us no good at all. This is the very reason why we see thousands of students very determined to be closer to their dreams and finish off the rally victoriously.
The list is not exhaustive to enumerate all we get to experience to painstakingly attain the designation as a successful Iskolar ng Bayan. Given all those things that we could be proud of, however, UP employs a unique system of scraping off our excesses to let us learn our shortfalls and mistakes primarily caused by our bloating heads.
Binabati ko kayo sa pagdiriwang ng ating Buwan ng Wika. Ako po si Fr. Jboy Gonzales SJ, ang inyong punong-guro sa paghubog. Labis akong nagpapasalamat sa inyong pagtangkilik sa pagdiriwang natin ng Buwan ng Wika. At lalung lalo na kapag pinag-uusapan ang halaga ng wika sa panahon ng pandemiya. Mahalaga ang pangnakaraan sa pangkasalukuyan.
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