Nature and scope of secondary education ppt


  • The Real Purpose of Assessments in Education
  • Multicultural Education
  • Educational Administration: Meaning, Nature and Other Details
  • B.Ed Notes
  • Types of Education: Formal, Informal & Non-formal
  • The Real Purpose of Assessments in Education

    Objectives of Drama and Art in Education Here are the key objectives of Drama and Art in Education: Students will learn about theatre and performing arts and transform simple stories into wonderful scripts. Students will be equipped with key critical thinking skills, performance skills, speaking and writing skills, public speaking skills and teamwork.

    Through drama and art in education, students can also be imparted with the knowledge of pronunciation, intonation as well as storytelling. Language learning skills are also strengthened through the use of drama and art in education. Students will also know about body language, impromptu performance and presenting a story in front of an audience.

    Theatre in Education Storytelling is a powerful tool to facilitate learning in a meaningful manner. Since theatre itself is a potential driver of bringing impactful change in society, it can play a crucial role in utilising drama and art in education.

    Using theatrical musicals as well as dramas, learning can be carried out in an interesting manner. Through creative stories and theatre dramas, a multi-sensory experience can be curated thus making learning a fun and engaging process. Want Free Career Counselling? Click Here! How to Use of Drama in Education? The element of Drama used in the process of education may vary for institutions depending on the approach they use and the goal they aspire to achieve.

    A role play involves a group of students in a controlled atmosphere where they replicate a scene from history or from a play or a movie. The students are given the roles of the characters of the event. They not only learn to understand the mentality of the characters but also learn behavioural psychology , based on which they make critical judgements.

    To help the students immerse in the scene and to understand its essence, use of costumes and sets is made. The activity not only helps them become better thinkers and storytellers in the future but it also develops in them the confidence to engage with others in healthy interactions. For future filmmakers and dramatists, this activity turns out to be the cornerstone of their career. Learn All About Pedagogy! Other than role play for utilising drama and art in education, you can also explore the following types of co-curricular activities to engage children and carving out a better learning experience: Mime Exercises [Using drama to act out different concepts] Create literary sketches.

    Multicultural Education

    The importance of systematic study of economic aspects of education were realized in the mid of twentieth century. So, the history of Economics of education is not very old. The subject matters of economics of education are concerned with both Economists and Educationists. The different economic aspects of education are also differing from country to country based on their economic system, economic growth and development.

    For example developed country invests more on their education comparing to the less developed country. The relationship between economic growth and educational development in the countries is always seen positive. So, Economics of Education is a new, dynamic and specialized field of study.

    It is a specialized branch of study that applies the principles, theories and paradoxes of economics to the field of education. It uses the concepts of economics to explain the issues of education. According to Babalola, Economics of Education studies human behaviour in terms of decisions, actions and reactions about schooling.

    It analyses, how the individual learner takes his decision on the investment and expenditure of a particular level of education. In the similar way in a country also, the government has to take decisions on three central problems of education.

    Central problems arise because of the scarcity of resources. These three are the crucial problems to be solved by the respective government of the country. In this context, economics of education gives right path to choose the alternatives available in solving these three central Problems.

    Economics of education has to deal with how the government, society, institution and household use limited human and material resources to satisfy the unlimited wants of education. So, Economics of education is not only a theory based knowledge area but also a practical approach to address the educational challenges.

    In the remaining part of the unit you will learn about the nature and scope of economics of education. Though the subject matter of economics of education had been reported by the economists long back, but it received familiarity as a discipline only in the mid of 20th century.

    So as a young discipline, the nature of economics of education is varied. In this part of the unit we will learn about the nature of economics of education. Thus the economics of education is a science of allocating scarce educational resources among competing alternatives to education in order to achieve its goals. It is the science that deals with rationalization of scarce educational resources to achieve optimal goals of education.

    The main function of economics of education is to address the issues of resource allocation and distribution to achieve the objectives of education. It evolves as a separate branch of study only in the mid of twentieth century.

    The new ideas are continuously added to the subject matter of economics of education. It encourages the extensive research studies to expand its content areas. It is the byproduct of extensive research studies in economics rather than the spontaneous recognition of the economic dimensions of education. The subject matters of economics of education are related to education, economics, mathematics, government system, management etc.

    It is seen that the content of economics of education are interrelated. From the above points you can easily realize the nature of economics of education. As a new discipline economics of education got its identity during s. Many renowned economists like Adam Smith, Alfred marshal and J. Mill spoke many things about public investment on education, rate of return of education, human capital formation etc.

    But only by s, economists start emphasis on education and its relationship with other factors like economic growth, income distribution, educational finance etc. Today economics of education stood as a separate and individual discipline having its own identity. Dear students, the changing nature of economics of education can be verified with its content areas. In this part we are going to learn the subject matter included in economics of education.

    Scope of Economics of Education is wide and dynamic. The subject matters of Economics of Education are drawn from both the Economics and Education disciplines. Basically the study of economics of education includes private and social rate of returns to education, human capital formation, relation between education and economic development, educational cost and benefits, educational planning, efficiency of education, cost effectiveness of education, education and equity etc.

    These are the essential areas to be included in economics of education. Considering the above categories, we can further elaborate the scope of economics of education under the following points. The quality of education is highly influenced by the cost incurred on a particular level of education. Babalola in his definition refers to educational cost as a measure of what a student, an institution or the government has to give up in order educating an individual or a group of individuals.

    Educational cost is the monetary as well as non monetary values used up in the process of educating an individual or a group of individual. The subject matter of economics of education is incomplete without proper discussion of educational cost and its taxonomy. Funding pattern of Education:-The financing pattern of different levels of education is another major area of study of economics of education. Economics of education suggests the effective ways of financing education.

    It is a system based exercise directed towards achieving certain physical targets and objectives set by a society within certain time frame in education sector. Educational planning is an important subject matter of economics of education. Human capital refers to the stock of productive skills and technical knowledge embodied in human beings labour through education and training.

    It includes the knowledge, skills, competences, and attributes embodied in individuals that facilitated the creation of social welfare. The investment theory in education posits that government or individuals should invest in educational projects with greater utility or highest rate of returns.

    Theoretical framework of Investment in education has occupied an important place in economics of education. CBA emphasizes a systematic comparison of the magnitude of the cost and benefits of some forms of educational investment in order to determine the economic profitability of such investment.

    It provides a rational model for investment decision making in education by relating the profitability of investment in one sector of the education enterprise to the other, or between various levels and types of education, such as vocational, professional, technical or general education.

    This content occupies an important place in economics of education as it guides the investment decisions in right direction. The return of education can be of two types. These are private rate of return and social rate of return. By private rate of return we mean those benefits accrued to individuals at the end of schooling as a result of investment in education. The benefits derived by the government or society for an educational investment project is referred as social rate of return.

    Researchers have been conducted large number of research on rate of return of different levels of education, which ultimately enhances the scope of Economics of education.

    Efficiency in education generally refers to the capacity of an educational system to turn its products students out with minimum wastage.

    In other words, it refers to the ability of an educational system to achieve the desired output with a minimum application of inputs or resources. Efficiency in education can be internal and external. There is a direct relation between these two elements.

    Economic development can only be achieved with higher educational achievement, and in the reverse way, educational development is not possible without economic enhancement. In this way both economic development and education and complementary to each other. The demand for education is a function of price, utility and the ability of government and people to pay for it.

    On the other hand supply of education refers to the function of the fiscal strength of the government and private educational investors as well as the utility of education to the society. So, the balance between demand and supply of education is needed for balanced growth of education.

    Economics of education studies how education can create efficient and skill-full human resources to increase the productivity of labour force. Education has to be designed in such a way, as it cater the demand of labour market. It should develop efficient and effective procedure of managing finance in educational institutions.

    These are some of the vital content to be studied in economics of education. The scope of economics of education is very vast. It is difficult to elaborate all the issues and contents of the subject matter here. You can study the suggested readings to explore more about the scope of economics of education. Let us judge why the scope of economics of education is dynamic.

    The contribution in economics of Education during the last four and half decades opened up new areas of research in theories of growth, labour market, public finance and developmental economics. The theories of Social Justice and welfare economics are also incorporated in economics of education. Public policy becomes the major area of research in economics of education. The new subject matters are incorporated in this area at a fast pace.

    So, the scope of economics of education becomes very dynamic. Share this:.

    Educational Administration: Meaning, Nature and Other Details

    This world would have been enveloped in intellectual darkness if it had not been illuminated by the light of education. It is right to say that the story of civilization is the story of education. Thus, education is an integral part of human life. It is the basic condition for a development of a whole man and vital instrument For accelerating the wellbeing and prosperity by the light of education. It is very complex. Let us now discuss the nature of education: 1.

    Education is a life-long process- Education is a continuous and lifelong process. It starts from the womb of the mother and continues till death. It is the process of development from infancy to maturity. It includes the effect of everything which influences human personality.

    Education is a systematic process- It refers to transact its activities through a systematic institution and regulation. Education is development of individual and the society- It is called a force for social development, which brings improvement in every aspect in the society. Education is modification of behaviour- Human behaviour is modified and improved through educational process. Education is purposive: every individual has some goal in his life.

    Education contributes in attainment of that goal. There is a definite purpose underlined all educational activities. Education is a training- Human senses, mind, behaviour, activities; skills are trained in a constructive and socially desirable way.

    B.Ed Notes

    Education is instruction and direction- It directs and instructs an individual to fulfill his desires and needs for exaltation of his whole personality. Education is life- Life without education is meaningless and like the life of a beast. Every aspect and incident needs education for its sound development. Education is continuous reconstruction of our experiences- As per the definition of John Dewey education reconstructs and remodels our experiences towards socially desirable way.

    Education helps in individual adjustment: a man is a social being. Through the medium of education he learns to adjust himself with the friends, class fellows, parents, relations, neighbours and teachers etc. Education is balanced development: Education is concerned with the development of all faculties of the child. Education is a dynamic process: Education is not a static but a dynamic process which develops the child according to changing situations and times.

    It always induces the individual towards progress. It reconstructs the society according to the changing needs of the time and place of the society. Education is a bipolar process: According to Adams, education is a bipolar process in which one personality acts on another to modify the development of other person.

    The process is not only conscious but deliberate. In this way the process of education consists of 3 poles — the teacher, the child and the society. Education as growth: The end of growth is more growth and the end of education is more education. Therefore, the role of education is countless for a perfect society and man. It is necessary for every society and nation to bring holistic happiness and prosperity to its individuals.

    Types of Education: Formal, Informal & Non-formal

    Aims of education are formulated keeping in view the needs of situation. Human nature is multisided with multiple needs, which are related to life. Educational aims are correlated to ideals of life. The goal of education should be the full flowering of the human on this earth. Students are to be moulded only by making them experience the significance of these values in the school itself.

    Teachers could achieve this only by the lived example of their lives manifested in hundreds of small and big transactions with students in word and deed. Individual and Social Aims: Individual aims and social aims are the most important aims of education. Continuous assessment provides day-to-day feedback about the learning and teaching process. Assessment can reinforce the efficacy of teaching and learning. It also encourages the understanding of teaching as a formative process that evolves over time with feedback and input from students.

    This creates good classroom rapport. Student assessments are necessary because: Throughout a lesson or unit, the teacher might want to check for understanding by using a formative assessment. Students who are experiencing difficulties in learning may benefit from the administration of a diagnostic test, which will be able to detect learning issues such as reading comprehension problems, an inability to remember written or spoken words, hearing or speech difficulties, and problems with hand—eye coordination.

    Students generally complete a summative assessment after completing the study of a topic. The teacher can determine their level of achievement and provide them with feedback on their strengths and weaknesses.

    Teachers may also want to use informal assessment techniques. Using self-assessment, students express what they think about their learning process and what they should work on.

    Some standardized assessment procedures are designed to compare the academic achievement of students from different schools, states, nationwide or worldwide.


    thoughts on “Nature and scope of secondary education ppt

    • 11.09.2021 at 08:26
      Permalink

      It is a pity, that now I can not express - it is very occupied. But I will return - I will necessarily write that I think on this question.

      Reply
    • 11.09.2021 at 18:21
      Permalink

      I here am casual, but was specially registered to participate in discussion.

      Reply
    • 12.09.2021 at 22:48
      Permalink

      Thanks for an explanation, I too consider, that the easier, the better �

      Reply
    • 13.09.2021 at 23:04
      Permalink

      Many thanks for the help in this question. I did not know it.

      Reply

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *