Hard lump on back of head

  • Bump on the Head: Causes and When to See a Doctor
  • Facial Swelling
  • Neck Lumps
  • Skin Lumps: When Parents Should Worry
  • Lumps and Bumps on Your Body: When You Should Worry
  • Bump on the Head: Causes and When to See a Doctor

    The most common cause of an itchy bump is a mosquito bite. Other insects can also cause little bumps. A bee sting can cause a painful bump. The swelling can become quite large.

    Lymph Nodes. Most common cause of a lump or mass felt under the skin. Commonly found in the neck or groin. Nodes have a boundary or edge and are movable. This is not the case for the swelling seen with insect bites.

    Lymph nodes become larger with infections. Scalp Hematoma. The most common cause of a lump on the head is a scalp hematoma goose egg. In a child under 2 years of age the injury may not have been seen.

    New lumps anywhere can be caused by an injury that wasn't observed. A bruise is often present with the swelling. Broken bones heal with new bone formation. The medical term is callus. The callus feels like a bony knot that is larger than the bone itself.

    A callus is most commonly felt after a collarbone fracture. A boil is a skin abscess. It causes a very painful red lump. A small disc-shaped lump felt under the nipple. It indicates the onset of puberty in year old girls. External Occipital Protuberance. The bony lump felt at the base of the skull in back.

    Mastoid Process. The bony lump felt behind each lower ear. Xiphoid Process. A small hard lump felt at the lower end of the sternum breastbone. Exception: normal bump in back at base of skull. Your child looks or acts very sick You think your child needs to be seen, and the problem is urgent Contact Doctor Within 24 Hours Redness spreading from the lump without fever Boil suspected painful, non-itchy, red lump Age 12 months or older and on scalp.

    Can't move nearest joint normally bend and straighten completely Swelling is painful and cause not known You think your child needs to be seen, but the problem is not urgent Contact Doctor During Office Hours Large lump more than 1 inch 2. Reason: probably due to insect bite not observed.

    Breast bud - normal lump under the nipple External occipital protuberance - normal lump on back of head Mastoid process - normal lump behind each lower ear Xiphoid process - normal lump at bottom of breastbone Call Doctor or Seek Care Now Redness spreading from the lump with fever Groin swelling and painful Age less than 12 months and on scalp.

    Breast bud - normal lump under the nipple External occipital protuberance - normal lump on back of head Mastoid process - normal lump behind each lower ear Xiphoid process - normal lump at bottom of breastbone Care Advice Treatment for a Small Lump or Swelling What You Should Know: Most new swellings are due to insect bites.

    Your child may not even know that he got bit. Suspect an insect bite if there are bites on other parts of the body.

    While most insect bites cause a small red bump, some are larger like a hive. This does not mean your child has an allergy or the bite is infected. Here is some care advice that should help. Cold Pack for Swelling: Apply a cold pack or cold wet washcloth for 20 minutes. No prescription is needed. Do this 3 times per day. Allergy Medicine for Itching or Swelling: For severe itch or swelling, give an allergy medicine by mouth. Benadryl is best.

    Repeat every 6 hours as needed. If you only have another allergy medicine at home but not Benadryl , use that. Follow the package directions. What to Expect: Most insect bites itch or hurt for 1 or 2 days. The swelling usually peaks in 2 days, but may last a week.

    If the swelling becomes larger or doesn't go away, it needs to be examined. Call Your Doctor If:.

    Facial Swelling

    After all, a lump can, in rare cases, mean cancer. But not every bump or lump should cause concern or worry. Advertising Policy Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.

    Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy To get a better understanding of when something new is worth talking to your doctor about, we spoke with orthopedic surgeon Nathan W.

    Mesko, MD. Are all lumps cause for concern? The good news is that a majority of these lumps are harmless and not a cause for concern. A number of skin or medical conditions can cause lumps and bumps to appear on the surface or just below the skin.

    When not to worry Lumps that are not a cause for concern have some distinctive characteristics. Not-so-serious lumps usually are: Mobile, meaning it moves and changes form when you touch it. Located in the superficial or fat layer of skin. Grow large and painful with activity, and diminish in size with rest. Athletes of all levels experience the occasional bump as a result of exercise, training, competition or other physical activity, he adds.

    Mesko says. When to see a doctor In rare cases, an unexplained lump, bump or swelling can be a sign of a more serious issue beneath the skin. Bumps that are cancerous are typically large, hard, painless to the touch and appear spontaneously.

    The mass will grow in size steadily over the weeks and months. Cancerous lumps that can be felt from the outside of your body can appear in the breast, testicle, or neck, but also in the arms and legs.

    Adult soft tissue sarcoma One type of cancerous lump that can form almost anywhere in the body is called adult soft tissue sarcoma. The soft tissues of the body include the muscles, tendons the bands of fiber that connect muscles to bones , fat, blood vessels, lymph vessels, nerves and the tissues around joints. Most frequently, though, adult soft tissue sarcoma develops in the legs, arms, chest or the area behind the abdomen called the retroperitoneum, says oncologist Dale Shepard, MD, PhD.

    Shepard says. Most commonly, soft tissue sarcomas feel like masses or bumps, which may be painful. If the tumor is in the abdomen, it may produce nausea or a sensation of fullness as well as pain, he says. Adult soft tissue sarcoma is rare. Other causes Other conditions can cause swelling leading to new lumps, too.

    Fortunately, most skin lumps are benign and not a major cause for concern, according to Dr. Some children are born with skin lumps, and some lumps appear later. The majority of patients with skin lumps will not have any other symptoms, but they can include pain, bleeding, redness, loss of appetite and night sweats.

    Surgery is often recommended in order to remove these skin lumps, to avoid the risk of infection. Mutafa Kabeer, pediatric general and thoracic surgeon at CHOC, explains in why skin lumps occur in children and how they are treated. Lymph nodes are the most common lumps that parent notice and worry about. Most parents find lymph nodes in the neck area but can also notice them around the ears and at the back of the skull. Dermoid cysts, another common lump, typically appear at the part of the eyebrow closest to the temple, but can occur in the middle midline of the neck or in the upper chest area.

    Neck Lumps

    They are rubbery and the size of a pea. A midline dermoid cyst on the scalp needs more investigation from a pediatric surgeon. Another common lump is pilomatrixoma, which usually appears on the face, neck or arms, and originates in the hair follicles. It usually manifests as a solitary, asymptomatic, firm nodule. In the post auricular area lymph nodes can be enlarged by inflammation, lymphoma or metastatic skin tumours like melanoma or SCC from the posterior scalp.

    Skin Lumps: When Parents Should Worry

    An abscess can develop from a necrotic node or from mastoiditis with erosion of the mastoid bone. The middle ear will always be abnormal if the cause of the abscess is mastoiditis. Nearly all thyroglossal duct cysts are below the hyoid, slightly left of midline, and seen in young people.

    Pretracheal nodes that are caused by metastatic laryngeal or thyroid tumours can also present in this region. Suprahyoid masses may be thyroglossal but are more likely to be submental lymph nodes involved by inflammation or malignancy from the skin of the lips, anterior facial skin or oral cavity, particularly the floor of mouth.

    Lumps and Bumps on Your Body: When You Should Worry

    Dermoids are rare developmental inclusion cysts that form in the midline during embryonic development but often do not manifest until later in life. Thyroid tissue can arrest anywhere along the thyroglossal tract and can present in the submental region.

    Lateral Neck Masses Woman with a right level 2 nodal mass suggestive of a metastatic HPV related oropharyngeal cancer Lateral neck masses are more complex. They most commonly present in the carotid sheath in association with the carotid artery or jugular vein but they can also appear in the posterior triangle.

    Solid lesions in the lateral neck are either nodal inflammatory or metastatic malignancy or they are rare tumours like carotid body tumours, neurogenic tumours associated with many of the nerves in the neck or rarely they can be malignant sarcomas of the deep neck tissues. However they may also be cystic malignant nodes. These are notoriously difficult to diagnose and needle biopsies are usually non- diagnostic. Cystic nodal metastases are frequently confused with benign branchial cleft cysts and a careful history of upper aerodigestive tract symptoms is important to elicit.

    Lesions in the skin and subcutaneous tissues are usually benign but skin cancers and melanoma can occur as cutaneous nodules. Nodal lesions in the posterior triangle and supra-clavicular area are uncommon. Metastases to this area either come from skin lesions in the posterior scalp or nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

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