Home Network Diagram – All network layouts explained
Got everything? From there, I can count how many arm spans of cable I need to reach 60 feet. When you get the length you need, simply cut the cable with your wire cutters or scissors. Step Two: Strip the Outer Jacket Off Take your crimping tool and use it to strip off around inches of the outer jacket from each end of the cable. The crimping tool will have a section with a razor blade and enough clearance to cut through the jacket but not the wires on the inside.
Place the cable in this slot, gently squeeze the crimping tool, and rotate it to cut all the way around the jacket. Advertisement After that, you can pull off the jacket to expose the smaller wires inside. You also might notice a set of very thin hair-like strands. But the main reason those strands are there is so that you can pull them down to cut away even more of the outer jacket. Why do this, though? By pulling on the fiber strands to cut away more of the outer jacket and then cutting the inside wires just below where the possible nick might be, you eliminate any and all risk of a cable malfunction.
These pairs come in different colors, with one being a solid color and the other being a white wire with a stripe matching the solid color. Untwist all four pairs so that you have eight separate wires. Advertisement Technically, you can have the wires in any order you want as long as both ends are wired the same. The only difference between the two is that the orange and green pairs of wires are switched.
But why are there two different standards in the first place? Crossover cables are used to directly network two machines together without the need for a router. One end of the cable uses TA and the other end uses TB. However, for any other normal Ethernet cable, both ends will have the same wiring sequence. Most pre-made Ethernet cables you buy including the ones linked to above use TB. However, TA is becoming more popular and recommended.
Follow the chart above and put the wires in order according to the TA chart. As you do so, lay the wires across the side of your index finger and squeeze them down with your thumb to hold them in place. Advertisement Once you have the wires in order, join them closer together and then begin to work the wires back and forth to stiffen them. Keep a tight grip on the wires during this process. Eventually, you should be able to lighten your grip on the wires and they should mostly stay in order without wanting to veer off in different directions.
This process should only take about 30 seconds or so. Next, grab your scissors and cut off the excess wiring so that only about a half-inch remains between the end and where the outer jacket begins.
The goal is to have the wires short enough so that you can squeeze the outer jacket into the connector, crimping the connector over the jacket to make a secure connection more on that later. Step Five: Slide the Connector On and Crimp It Grab your Ethernet plug connector and with the clip part facing away from you and the green wires facing the floor or the ceiling, depending on orientation , slide the wires inside, making sure that each wire goes into its own slot.
As you do this, look closely and make sure that none of the wires have jumped out of order. If so, take the connector off, fix the wires, and reattempt. Push the cable all the way in until all eight wires are touching the end of the connector. You may have to wiggle it a bit and provide a little force to push the connector all the way on. Next, grab your crimping tool and slide the connector in the crimping slot as far as it will go.
The entire connector should fit inside of the crimping tool. Advertisement Once the connector is all the way in, squeeze down on the tool to crimp the connector. Squeeze down relatively hard, but not with all your strength.
If done properly, the pointy crimp toward the back of the connector should be squeezing down on the outer jacket of the cable and not on the smaller wires. Just make sure to put together the other end! Ethernet cables can be as long or short as you want, but be aware that Ethernet has a physical limit of feet.
It is because of this that it is best done when you have a completely new build or a major refurbishment. There are many ways of extended your current network without drilling holes in walls and running Ethernet cables. See how to extend a home network. However for those of you who are thinking of having it done ,or doing it yourself then I have put together these research notes that may help.
Getting Started The first and most important part is creating a plan. You will need to consider: Will you have a Central distribution point? How many rooms will you wire? What are the Wiring routes? How many sockets in each room? Socket locations? Ethernet cable — Cat5, 6 or 7 Cable? Next you need to make a list of what you will need.
Basic Tools e. Ref: What are the requirements for a Home Network? Networking Components Overview Cable — For home networks cat 6 is probably the best choice today.
CAT 7 latest version is shielded which adds complications to the installation. Solid vs stranded cable — See here. For backbone cabling use solid. Wall-socket —Terminates the cable in a room and accepts RJ45 Connectors. Wall face plates— These Cover wall sockets. Keystone jacks These are female connectors that are usually mounted into a wall plate or patch panel.
They are part of a wall socket, Keystone plug is the matching male connector, usually attached to the end of a cable or cord. Mixing Cat5 cables, jacks and Cat 6 cables and Keystone Jacks.
For example: Cat6 cable has a thicker copper wire and insulation and the cat6 jacks are made to take this into consideration. If you watch a couple of the videos you will see these two types. You can bring the cables from all wall sockets to a central location. This is the option shown in most home wiring videos on Youtube. The other option is to use several switches perhaps one per floor and wire those switches back to a central location. What is in the Central Location This is where all of the cables from each of the room sockets come together, and plug into a switch.
You have two option for the cable ends: Wire into a patch panel most professional Terminate with RJ plug.
Using a patch panel gives you more flexibility, but is probably an overkill in a small network. Do you Need a Patch Panel? Notes: Label cables at the end in the central location as you need to know what room and socket they connect to.
Wiring Standards This is what cable colour is wired to what pin on the connectors. There are two wiring standards in use A or B — wiki. You should choose one and use it consistently everywhere. Estimated Costs Example 2 Storey house.
How many rooms will you wire? What are the Wiring routes? How many sockets in each room? Socket locations?
Straight Through Cables vs Crossover Cables: Key Difference
Ethernet cable — Cat5, 6 or 7 Cable? Next you need to make a list of what you will need. Basic Tools e. Ref: What are the requirements for a Home Network? Networking Components Overview Cable — For home networks cat 6 is probably the best choice today. CAT 7 latest version is shielded which adds complications to the installation. Solid vs stranded cable — See here.
For backbone cabling use solid. Wall-socket —Terminates the cable in a room and accepts RJ45 Connectors. Wall face plates— These Cover wall sockets. Keystone jacks These are female connectors that are usually mounted into a wall plate or patch panel. They are part of a wall socket, Keystone plug is the matching male connector, usually attached to the end of a cable or cord. Mixing Cat5 cables, jacks and Cat 6 cables and Keystone Jacks. For example: Cat6 cable has a thicker copper wire and insulation and the cat6 jacks are made to take this into consideration.
In your typical home network, you would use an 8-ports network switch. Keep in mind that you need one port to connect the switch to the router, so you can effectively only use 7 ports of the switch. For example, you have your router in the garage, but most of your network devices on the first floor. Now instead of running multiple network cables from the first floor to the garage, you can also pull one cable to the garage and place a switch on the first floor.
Daisy chaining will have a downside on the performance of switch 1, because it will also have to process the traffic from switch 2. Also the connection between the router and switch 1 will have to process more data. Tips If you are adding a switch to your network, also choose a modal that also has one or more PoE Power over Ethernet ports.
This way you can easily connect an access point to it. Wireless Network Diagram A full wireless network is also possible. In this wireless network diagram all devices are connected wirelessly to the network. In this example we are using a seperated access point instead of the built-in access point of the router. Access points can connect up to 20 or 30 devices at the same time. So one access point could connect every device in your house, as long as they are in range. This can be a daunting task to do when you are not remodeling your house.
Another advantage of this network layout is that you can use and place every device in a location that you want. This will give you the best wireless network performance possible. Cons Wireless networks can suffer from interference from other device in your household like microwaves, dryers, etc.
Wiring A Home Network-(Practical Beginners Guide)
But also walls and floors will have an impact on the signal quality. Tips If you are going for a fully wireless network, then place access point on each floor. This way you will the best signal strength on each floor.
This allows multiple devices to use the same access point at the same time. MIMO alone allows one device to use multiple connections at the same time to an access point. This way higher speeds can be reached between the device and access point. Advanced Network Diagram What you see here is an extend home network diagram. We got multiple switches and access points, providing a good wireless network coverage and efficient wired connections.
This diagram could be used for a two story house for example. Always try to connect your switches directly to your router for the best performance. This way we can connect access points to it with and provide it with power and network connection with the use of only a single network cable. Mesh Network Layout In a mesh network you can connect multiple access point wireless together.
Not to create one big wireless network, but to extend your network wireless without pulling cables. If you are using more then 2 access points in a mesh network, then the network will find the best connection dynamically. A mesh network can be used in house, in case you are unable to pull cables through your house. Or it can also be used to extend your network to another building on your property the garage for example. With a mesh network you can wirelessly extend your network through your house.
As you can see in the diagram, you can connect a switch to an receiving access point. This allows you to connect multiple device behind the access point. Cons A wireless signal is always prone to interference. One day your network can work fine, and the next it can be slow and disconnecting all the time. Interference from other devices, or neighboring wireless networks, can disturb your signal. Tips If you are plannig to use 3 or more mesh access point, always go for a brand that supports self-forming and healing.
With self-forming the network will determine self what the best connections are. Self-healing ensures that your network will always have backup connections ready. If an access point fails or is turned off, the network will switch over to another access point for the uplink. The Unifi Amplifi is a really great mesh network.
Powerline Network Diagram If you want to extend your network, but are unable to pull extra ethernet cables, then you could use your existing electrical wires.