Comparison between old and modern transportation


  • Difference between ancient and modern means of transport
  • 5.1 – Transportation Modes, Modal Competition and Modal Shift
  • Designing Transport for Humans, Not Econs
  • Modernizing Public Transport in the Philippines
  • What is the main difference between ancient and modern means of transport?
  • Difference between ancient and modern means of transport

    The program aims to improve the urban quality of life, reduce economic losses due to time lost in travel, reduce health costs and premature deaths, reduce greenhouse gas GHG emissions and improve the economic situation of the operators and industry by improving service quality levels. Jeepneys, the Historic Public Transport The existing public transport system in the Philippines relies primarily on jeepneys, cultural icons of ingenuity initially repurposed from the army Jeeps left after World War II.

    Jeepneys are backyard-fabricated vehicles with chassis often as old as 50 to 70 years old and engines more than 15 years old, capable of accommodating passengers.

    They are to Filipinos what double-deckers are to Londoners: a dominant cultural icon and a national symbol of pride. The Context With a rapidly growing economy, the Philippines has been seeing the sales of hundreds of thousands of cars sold annually — one of the fastest in the ASEAN — without any significant investment in infrastructure for sustainable modes of urban transport or even road space.

    As of , congestion in the capital region of Metro Manila alone has been estimated to cost the country USD 67 million per day due to lost opportunities, additional fuel consumption, and health costs [1].

    Accounting for approx. In , road transport GHG emissions were estimated at Emissions from road transport under a business as usual scenario are projected to increase to 87 MtCO2e by , resulting in a rapid enlargement of the carbon footprint and air pollution in urban areas.

    Legislation has yet to be passed to formalize this, but many parallel efforts are being pursued to enable better mobility, including the introduction of new rail lines and the promotion of non-motorized transport modes. The Public Transportation System Public transport could be a significant part of a more climate-friendly transport system but it is lacking all preconditions to reach its potential. The highly fragmented public transport system is dependent on outdated, often small-scale road-based vehicles and is dominated by jeepneys approx.

    Even with increasing car ownership, the jeepney sector still maintains its high ridership levels. Jeepneys count for approx. The high modal share of jeepneys is due to its relative affordability the base fare for a jeepneys ride is USD 0.

    Other public transport vehicles include buses approx. The current market situation of the public transport market is characterized by a large number of on-street competing operators for jeepneys, buses, Asian Utility Vehicles AUVs or tricycles. In Metro Manila alone, over 43, jeepney franchises and over bus franchises have been issued for more than routes, making the public transport market practically impossible to regulate for the government.

    This has led to an inefficient supply of low quality public transport service and dangerous and congested traffic situations.

    The lack of a comprehensive policy framework, inefficient institutions and planning procedures, lack of enforcement and of financial incentives for the operators has led to: A fragmented jeepney industry with inefficient vehicl e fleet and operational set-up. Undeveloped bus market consisting of aged, second-hand coach buses that do not meet the demand, in particular urban mass-transit needs.

    Negative externalities: high CO2 emissions, severe air pollution, road safety issues, time loss, etc. The lack of attractive public transport stimulates the use of cars and motorcycles, exacerbating the already extreme congestion experienced in the larger cities in the Philippines, which in turn leads to economic and environmental costs.

    If the quality of the public transport system is not be improved significantly, its recent share in the modal split will further decline, as GDP and car ownership grow.

    This would result in an increase of GHG emissions by the transport sector. The Goal: Decarbonising Road-Based Public Transport in the Philippines On the path towards decarbonizing public transport, there are two recognized starting points: Some rather advanced emerging economies have already undertaken serious efforts to formalize parts of their public transport and can start moving on towards electrification.

    The majority of developing countries however, including the Philippines, currently still rely on semi-informal and fragmented minibus-based low-quality public transport systems. This by far bigger group of countries is responsible for the majority of GHG emissions from public transport. Mostly developing countries need to undertake huge efforts first to formalize and professionalize their public transport industry moving gradually to larger capacity buses and consolidate operations before the industry is financially capable to introduce hybrid or electric buses at scale.

    Therefore, the main goal of the NAMA is to establish a formalized, high quality public transport system inducing ongoing fleet renewal, a transition towards higher capacity vehicles, higher operational efficiency and better service levels.

    This will reduce the emission footprint of public transport, mitigate rapid motorization and limit the shift of trips to the carbon intensive use of cars. It furthermore lays the groundwork for the future electrification of the public transport fleet, which is needed to achieve full decarbonisation.

    The approach: Enabling Transformational Change through comprehensive policy mix and support mechanisms Strong political will is essential to transform an entire public transport market. This is also true for the market in the Philippines, which in Metro Manila alone is paying the living of approx. Without the foreseen comprehensive market re-organization, public transport will never transform into a modern, reliable and environmentally friendly system that will sustain existing ridership levels.

    To enable the Government to efficiently manage and regulate the industry and to allow operational efficiency of the fleet, consolidation is a key strategic intervention.

    Part of the regulatory reform is to implement route-based franchising. Under fragmented operations, service levels on a particular route are the result of a multitude of individual decisions made by operators. The process of franchise consolidation and tendering of new franchises presents the opportunity to include new conditions within the terms of the franchise, which extend beyond the previous minimalistic requirements.

    It will be critical to implement all components of the PUV modernisation program by acknowledging the distinct knowledge and accomplishments of the existing operators within an insufficient regulatory framework in the past. Therefore, the Government engages with the sector through a series of consultations and workshops. It furthermore establishes a national social support program to operators, which includes trainings and other capacity development measures.

    Interim Result The first of the modernised jeepney routes commenced operation in and as of mid there are over approved routes nationwide. Daily staff earnings remained similar at around Overall, the study found that modernisation can yield increased economic performance: the investment in larger vehicles leads to higher farebox revenues and fomalised operations with shift-patterns and fleet management increase vehicle productivity and should yield economies of scale.

    As the number of possible developmental i. The COVID pandemic has also significantly affected the ability of operators to run their vehicles and pay the financing. In response to this, the government has doubled the equity subsidy to PHP , approx.

    5.1 – Transportation Modes, Modal Competition and Modal Shift

    All this will be learned here in Transportation in the past and present essay. Transportation in the past and present essay Transportation is one of the most important things that every day has a tremendous development.

    Here we will know how transportation developed and how it was in the past and how it has become in the present. All of this we will know here through Transportation in the past and present essay. Transportation Transport and communication are considered the cornerstones of many human civilizations because of their importance in linking neighboring cities and villages to each other.

    Therefore, man has been seeking innovation and discovery for thousands of years to develop and improve these means. Without transportation there is no Interconnection and communication between people. In this paragraph we will talk about transportation in the past and present. Transportation in the past The development of transport during the stages of history was very slow and difficult, as people were carrying their goods on their heads or on their backs or run on the ground.

    In about BC, people began to use animals to transport loads and goods like mules and donkeys. After BC, the vehicles were invented. They were made up of four wheels without a motor. Boats were also invented, and humans began using animals, vehicles and boats to carry loads to many places faster and easier than before. In the late 18th century inventors produced the first vehicles, and then the inventions in the means of transport until the fifteenth century AD, Where improvements have been made in the construction of large vessels; to make long journeys possible across the various seas and oceans.

    In the 18th century steam engines were invented, leading to the emergence of steam-powered vehicles and trains. In the late 19th century, oil and natural gas were discovered and harnessed to serve and develop various means of transport by building vessels and vehicles powered by gas and oil engines. Trains: trains are one of the most modern means of transport, through which thousands of people are transported through long distances and vast inside or outside their countries, and through which we transfer many different materials and goods, and at a lower price compared to other means.

    Buses and trucks: Buses are one of the most important modes of mass transport, transporting many people to and from their workplaces. Buses are used as a public transport. It is cheap and saves time and effort to move around. How transportation has changed from past to present When I wonder about how transportation has changed from the past to the present, I find there is a very wide difference in speed and comfort.

    I find that the speed is relative to the person and the extent of his interest in arriving early. Because I see that there is always a lesson that we learn when we travel long distances and time does not go in vain. But there are always interesting events happening around us. As for convenience, I can say that it has become very different between the past and the present.

    The old means of transportation were more difficult to move or rest periods in places that were not qualified for that. Therefore, I find that the current amenities, such as comfortable chairs designed to suit your sitting for a long time, using the best and finest fabrics and materials, is very wonderful. Amenities vary according to the means of transportation, whether it is a plane, train, car, or steamer. There is a vast difference that helps you spend a safe and comfortable travel.

    Therefore, it is great that we are living in this present time and enjoy all these convenient means of transportation. Transportation in the past In the past, transportation depended on a lot of hard work. Whether to prepare for it since a great time earlier. Preparing many items of food and clothing. And provide plenty of money so that a person can move. This is because of the distances and the presence of large areas that are not qualified for the population, which makes moving from one area to another difficult and fraught with many natural and abnormal risks.

    One of the most famous ancient means of transportation was the horse or carts that were drawn by horses. Come later after that car or train. And certainly cars were not made to carry heavy weights or travel long distances. Also, the roads were not qualified in all countries for movement. Which makes us feel grateful that we live in a time of more development in the means of transportation and also more grateful for the rehabilitation of all countries of the appropriate infrastructure to facilitate transportation.

    Paragraph about transportation There is no doubt that the means of transportation are of great importance in the growth of the economy of countries. Man has known the importance of transportation since ancient times and used it to move from one place to another, in addition to using it to transport products and merchandise to the markets.

    Transportation has witnessed a great development, as it has become more comfortable and faster than before, and has used clean fuels such as gas and electricity to maintain a clean environment and reduce diseases that were spread due to air pollution with car exhaust. Car exhaust was causing chest and respiratory diseases as a result of emitting large amounts of carbon dioxide.

    In addition, car exhaust contains high levels of lead, which is very harmful to health. Transportation in the past and present Undoubtedly, the history of transportation development indicates the extent of technological development that occurred during the past few decades. A series of successive inventions have occurred that revolutionized the world of transportation. Example of transportation in the past About fifty years ago, my grandfather and my father used the steam train to travel, and its speed was slow as it covered a distance of kilometers in several hours, and the seats were made of wood and uncomfortable, and this train was very noisy as it went, in addition to the smoke coming from it which pollutes the air An example of transportation in the present Today, we ride an electric express train, it runs km in several minutes, and its seats are leather, which is very comfortable, and it does not pollute the environment because it uses clean energy, and it does not make noise while it is running.

    Compare transportation in the past and present Undoubtedly, we saw in the old films some of the means of transportation that our ancestors used, and we noticed the great difference between them and modern transportation. The benefits of technological development in transportation The technological development in the means of transportation has provided several benefits that have brought all countries economic progress and growth, such as: Increasing the speed of transportation, which saved a lot of time, in addition to encouraging many people to travel and move from one place to another.

    Transportation has become more comfortable, in terms of the quality of seats, in addition to providing places on long roads for passengers to rest for some time. Transportation is now able to transport heavier loads than in the past. Almost sixty years ago, the steam engine was used in all means of transportation, such as cars, buses, trains, and ships. This was considered a huge development in the transportation industry.

    Coal continued to be used to power the steam engine until the discovery of petroleum. They used gasoline and gas as fuel to obtain the energy needed for the various means of transportation. Then another progress occurred, where gas was used instead of gasoline in many means of transportation. Transportation past and present Reduce costs and increase efficiency The most important concern of scientists specialized in the development of transportation means is to reduce costs and increase efficiency.

    Because the most important goal is to improve the transportation service, while maintaining the reduction of transportation costs. Because this is one of the reasons for the recovery of trade between countries, where the prices of goods do not increase by a high rate as a result of the high cost of transportation.

    And the cost reduction leads to a boom in tourism as well, as the cost of transportation is within the reach of many categories of people. Means of transportation in the past What is the motivation behind the development of transportation Global trade is the most powerful driver of transportation development.

    This trade began since ancient times, when commercial trips were to India to buy spices and fabrics, and transport them to the countries of the Middle East or to Europe. As well as trips to Africa to transport gold and slaves to Europe and America. The means of transportation used in the past depended on animals. Till the invention of ships, cars and planes, and as a result exports and imports increased.

    The development of means of transportation had the greatest role in trade exchange between countries. Transportation then and now essay Roads and transportation We cannot talk about transportation without talking about roads. Where there is a close link between road construction and transportation development. Would it be useful to develop means of transportation without creating roads that allow transportation to move easily?.

    Therefore, it has become necessary to establish new roads commensurate with the speed of transportation, as well as with the increasing number of vehicles. Gas stations are also set up at suitable distances, especially on long roads. Some maintenance centers are also being established, and services are provided to travelers Transportation today compared to the past The first modern highway was designed in by John Loudon Mack, using soil and gravel as paving. And when the means of transportation developed, especially in Germany in AD and the United States in AD, the need for the construction of asphalt roads increased accordingly.

    Iron bars were also used to construct the railways on which the trains travel. Thus, the road and railways were expanded, which revolutionized the travel of people and the transport of goods. Describe the evolution of transportation and travel essay What are the benefits of the development of means of transportation and what are its harms? Undoubtedly, we are benefiting from the tremendous development that has occurred in the means of transportation.

    It saves us time and becomes more comfortable. We do not feel the trouble of traveling as our ancestors did in the past. Where travel has become an enjoyable journey, we can watch a movie or enjoy reading a book. However, there are risks to our lives due to transportation, such as: Frequent traffic accidents, which claim the lives of many people. Severe congestion, the streets became crowded with public and private cars.

    An increase in the level of pollution in the environment. A comparison of past and present transportation methods To compare the means of transportation in the past and the present, we can compare speed, effort, cost and risks. Comparison in terms of speed Transportation in the present has become very fast compared to transportation in the past.

    Comparison in terms of effort The current means of transportation provide us with comfort and enjoyment of travel. Cost comparison Despite the advantages of modern means of transportation, it is considered less expensive.

    Comparison in terms of risk Modern means of transportation have become more dangerous due to the huge number of means of transportation that are on the road.

    Transportation changes from past to present In the past, humans relied on animals to move from one place to another. Man used donkeys, horses, camels, and mules to move him or carry his goods. Also, some peoples were able to use elephants to move and carry goods. Then the means of transportation developed little by little, until we reached the modern means of transportation with better quality and lower cost. Also, we can transport thousands of tons of goods from one country to another with ease.

    This development had a significant impact on the flourishing of trade and the exchange of goods, whether at the local or international levels. What is the difference between transportation then and now The difference between the means of transportation in the past and the present is very big. Scientists will continue to work on the development of means of transportation in the future.

    As it is the most important reason for economic progress. You find that local and international trade depends on the development of the transportation network, whether land, sea or air.

    In the late 19th century, oil and natural gas were discovered and harnessed to serve and develop various means of transport by building vessels and vehicles powered by gas and oil engines.

    Trains: trains are one of the most modern means of transport, through which thousands of people are transported through long distances and vast inside or outside their countries, and through which we transfer many different materials and goods, and at a lower price compared to other means. Buses and trucks: Buses are one of the most important modes of mass transport, transporting many people to and from their workplaces. Buses are used as a public transport.

    It is cheap and saves time and effort to move around. How transportation has changed from past to present When I wonder about how transportation has changed from the past to the present, I find there is a very wide difference in speed and comfort. I find that the speed is relative to the person and the extent of his interest in arriving early.

    Because I see that there is always a lesson that we learn when we travel long distances and time does not go in vain. But there are always interesting events happening around us. As for convenience, I can say that it has become very different between the past and the present. The old means of transportation were more difficult to move or rest periods in places that were not qualified for that. Therefore, I find that the current amenities, such as comfortable chairs designed to suit your sitting for a long time, using the best and finest fabrics and materials, is very wonderful.

    Amenities vary according to the means of transportation, whether it is a plane, train, car, or steamer. There is a vast difference that helps you spend a safe and comfortable travel. Therefore, it is great that we are living in this present time and enjoy all these convenient means of transportation. Transportation in the past In the past, transportation depended on a lot of hard work. Whether to prepare for it since a great time earlier.

    Preparing many items of food and clothing. And provide plenty of money so that a person can move. This is because of the distances and the presence of large areas that are not qualified for the population, which makes moving from one area to another difficult and fraught with many natural and abnormal risks. One of the most famous ancient means of transportation was the horse or carts that were drawn by horses. Come later after that car or train. And certainly cars were not made to carry heavy weights or travel long distances.

    Also, the roads were not qualified in all countries for movement. Which makes us feel grateful that we live in a time of more development in the means of transportation and also more grateful for the rehabilitation of all countries of the appropriate infrastructure to facilitate transportation. Paragraph about transportation There is no doubt that the means of transportation are of great importance in the growth of the economy of countries. Man has known the importance of transportation since ancient times and used it to move from one place to another, in addition to using it to transport products and merchandise to the markets.

    Transportation has witnessed a great development, as it has become more comfortable and faster than before, and has used clean fuels such as gas and electricity to maintain a clean environment and reduce diseases that were spread due to air pollution with car exhaust.

    Car exhaust was causing chest and respiratory diseases as a result of emitting large amounts of carbon dioxide. In addition, car exhaust contains high levels of lead, which is very harmful to health.

    Designing Transport for Humans, Not Econs

    Transportation in the past and present Undoubtedly, the history of transportation development indicates the extent of technological development that occurred during the past few decades. A series of successive inventions have occurred that revolutionized the world of transportation. Example of transportation in the past About fifty years ago, my grandfather and my father used the steam train to travel, and its speed was slow as it covered a distance of kilometers in several hours, and the seats were made of wood and uncomfortable, and this train was very noisy as it went, in addition to the smoke coming from it which pollutes the air An example of transportation in the present Today, we ride an electric express train, it runs km in several minutes, and its seats are leather, which is very comfortable, and it does not pollute the environment because it uses clean energy, and it does not make noise while it is running.

    Compare transportation in the past and present Undoubtedly, we saw in the old films some of the means of transportation that our ancestors used, and we noticed the great difference between them and modern transportation. Inrevenues for the London underground fell for the first time in a decade. Transport is not all work. Shopping and personal trips declined by 30 percent between andwhile leisure trips were down 20 percent. Roads are more congested.

    Delivery van trips were up 24 percent between andand the number of couriers increased by 40 percent. United Kingdom business travel has been stagnant for the past 10 years according to Department for Transport statistics.

    We cannot yet know exactly how all this will affect transport planning. Uncertainty over economic performance and global supply chains is affecting both travel demand and travel supply through disruption to energy, fuel, construction, car manufacture and distribution.

    Modernizing Public Transport in the Philippines

    Hybrid working might be evenly spread across the week, but if everyone takes advantage of work-from-home Fridays and sticks to the same start and finish times, transport will suffer continued peak-time demand troubles. One thing we can be more certain about is climate change. In the United Kingdom, the Climate Change Committee has calculated that 59 percent of the emissions reductions required to reach net zero will involve some form of societal behavior change. For transport, this includes reducing the amount we travel and making choices to adopt less polluting alternatives.

    Unfortunately, swapping out old technologies for new is not sufficient: our lifestyles and travel choices will also need to change. Right now, these can be presented as choices to make a positive difference.

    Effective change now can avert a future in which many aspects of mobility may be constrained by laws and regulations governing everyday life. This will involve upstream changes as old technologies are replaced, midstream changes involving regulations and requirements for organizations, and finally downstream changes to how individuals and communities are persuaded to update their travel choices. The greatest fallacy is that travel time is wasted time, so the only option is to speed it up or cut it out.

    Historically, debates around reform have focused on economics and politics, with particular polarization around public and private ownership. These are important factors, but they are not the only game in town. From our point of view, no matter how transport is financed and governed, it is entirely possible for either system to deliver poor performance. Fundamentally, what we need osclass plugins better tools to understand what people who travel value and to expand the ways in which we deliver to meet new societal specifications for cleaner, fairer, and more inclusive transport.

    What is the main difference between ancient and modern means of transport?

    In Transport for Humans we argue that behavioral science can deliver the types of innovation that characterized the best of transport planning in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, but we will have to radically reset our priorities to do so.

    In reality, we need to invest in higher-quality travel for more people, while also enabling some people to travel less or by different means. Published by London Publishing Partnership. Transport for Humans has been written in a personal capacity and does not represent government policy. This is the commonest method of transmitting information through word of mouth.

    What are the two methods of transmitting information? The modern methods of transmitting information include the following i writing ii printing iii telephone iv radio v television vi fax vii satellite viii internet ix GSM. What are the modes of information transmission? There are three modes of transmission, namely: simplex, half duplex, and full duplex.

    The transmission mode defines the direction of signal flow between two connected devices. What are the three mode of receiving information?


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    • 07.08.2021 at 20:31
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