Similarities of flowering and nonflowering plants


  • Flowering Plants Vs. Non-flowering Plants
  • Difference Between Flowering and Nonflowering Plants
  • Why are flowering and non-flowering plants important?
  • What is the Difference Between Flowering Plants and Conifers
  • What are the similarities and differences between flowering and non-flowering plants?
  • Flowering Plants Vs. Non-flowering Plants

    Therefore, this group contains the highest number of species on the earth, including trees, shrubs, and herbs. Flowering plants consist of a specialized type of vascular system. Their xylem contains both tracheids and xylem vessels while their phloem contains both sieve tube elements associated with the companion cells.

    These specializations increase the efficiency of conduction. Figure 1: European Crab Apple Flowers For instance, the second characteristic feature of the flowering plants is the production of a flower as the reproductive structure.

    Both male and the female reproductive organs occur inside the flower. However, the flower can be either unisexual or bisexual. The ovules occur inside the ovary. Therefore, their seed is also covered by the ovary, which develops into the fruit later. What are Conifers Conifers or pinophytes are the other group of higher plants with a long lifespan.

    They stay evergreen for a long period of time as well. Most conifers are woody plants. Their leaves are needle-like in order to prevent water loss. Therefore, conifers are more adapted to live in areas covered with snow during the winter. However, their xylem contains only tracheids while the phloem contains only sieve cells for conduction.

    Figure 2: Spruce Cones In comparison to flowering plants, conifers do not produce flowers. The reproductive structures of conifers are the unsexual cones. Male cones comprise microsporophylls that produce microspores while the female cones comprise megasporophylls that produce megaspores. However, just like flowering plants, conifers produce very small gametophytes that produce gametes. More significantly, the seed of the conifers is not covered by the ovary; hence, they do not produce a fruit.

    Thereby, the seed of the conifers is considered naked. Similarities Between Flowering Plants and Conifers Flowering plants and conifers are the two groups of higher plants on the land. Both are vascular plants whose plant body is differentiated into stem, root, and leaves. Moreover, they undergo the alteration of generations with a prominent sporophyte. Also, they are heterosporous and produce both megaspores and microspores. Furthermore, both types of plants do not produce archegonia.

    Male and the female gametophytes of these plants are very small. In addition, both produce pollen and ovules for fertilization. Besides, their fertilization of gametes does not require water. Both produce seeds; hence, both types of plants are broadly categorized into a single group called Spermatophyta. Also, the mode of seed germination can be either hypogeal or epigeal. Their stem undergoes both primary and secondary growth. Difference Between Flowering Plants and Conifers Definition Flowering plants refer to plants of a large group that comprises those that have flowers and produce seeds enclosed within a carpel, including herbaceous plants, shrubs, grasses, and most trees.

    Conifers refer to plants of a group that comprises those that have seeds unprotected by an ovary or fruit, including the conifers, cycads, and ginkgo. From these definitions, we can understand the main difference between flowering plants and conifers. Taxonomy Also, flowering plants belong to a large unranked taxonomic group known as Angiosperms while conifers belong to the division Pinophyta under Gymnosperms, which is a similar taxonomic group to the Angiosperms.

    Variation There are around , of flowering plant species on earth while there are more than species of conifers on earth. Types of Trees Moreover, flowering plants can be either trees, shrubs or herbs while conifers are mainly woody plants. Leaves Shape of the leaf is an important difference between flowering plants and conifers. The leaves of flowering plants are flat while the leaves of conifers are scale-like. Xylem Vessels Another difference between flowering plants and conifers is that the xylem of flowering plants contains vessels while the xylem of conifers only contains tracheids but not vessels.

    Phloem The phloem of flowering plants contains sieve tubes with companion cells while the phloem of conifers does not contain sieve tubes and companion cells. Hence, this is also a difference between flowering plants and conifers. Life Cycle Furthermore, flowering plants are mostly seasonal while conifers are mostly evergreen. Furthermore, flowering plants are not-perennials while conifers are perennials.

    Wood One more difference between flowering plants and conifers is that flowering plants produce softwood while conifers produce hardwood. Vegetative Propagation Besides, flowering plants often undergo vegetative reproduction methods while vegetative reproduction methods are less common in conifers.

    Thus, this is another difference between flowering plants and conifers. Reproductive Structures Both male and female reproductive structures of flowering plants occur in the flower while reproductive structures of conifers occur in cones. Furthermore, the flower can be either unisexual or bisexual while cones are always unisexual.

    Placement of Ovules The ovules of flowering plants are covered by the ovary while the ovules of conifers are attached to the megasporophylls. Archegonia One other difference between flowering plants and conifers is that flowering plants do not produce archegonia while conifers have archegonia. Pollination The pollination of flowering plants mainly occurs via animals while the pollination of conifers mainly occurs through the wind. Flagella The sperms of flowering plants do not contain flagella while the sperms of conifers have flagella.

    Double Fertilization Flowering plants undergo double fertilization while conifers do not undergo double fertilization. Therefore, the endosperm and the plant body of the flowering plants are triploid while those in conifers are haploid. This is another difference between flowering plants and conifers.

    Seeds The seeds of the flowering plants are covered by a fruit while the seeds of the conifers are naked. Cotyledons The embryo of flowering plants contains one or two cotyledons while the embryo of conifers contains one or more cotyledons. Uses While flowering plants are used in food, medication, and clothing, conifers are used for lumber and papers.

    Conclusion Flowering plants produce a special reproductive structure called the flower. They undergo double fertilization to produce a triploid endosperm. The seed of the flowering plants is covered by a fruit.

    On the other hand, conifers produce unisexual cones as the reproductive structures. They do not undergo double fertilization and the seed of the conifer is naked. Therefore, the main difference between flowering plants and conifers is the features of sexual reproduction. Reference: 1.

    Difference Between Flowering and Nonflowering Plants

    Bryophytes, pterophytes, lycophytes and cycadophytes are non-flowering plants. Anthophytes are flowering plants. Flowering Plants Flowering Plants are the most advanced plants in the kingdom plantae. The dominant plant is the sporophyte, which may be dioecious or monoecious.

    The sporophyte is highly differentiated into stem, leaves and roots with well developed vascular tissues. They possess xylem containing vessels and phloem containing sieve tubes and companion cells.

    They also possess a highly differentiated reproductive organ, which is the flower. Anthophytes are heterosporous. The ovule develops within the ovary. The ovaries develop by the folding of megasporophylls. Folded megasporophylls are called carpals. When a carpel is formed the ovaries are enclosed within the carpel. They have well defined mechanical tissues. There is a well developed cuticle in the terrestrial plants.

    External water or internal fluids are not necessary for fertilization. Therefore, the spermatozoids are non motile. The pollen tube carries male nuclei or gametes towards the ovum.

    In anthophytes, there is double fertilization forming a diploid embryo and a triploid endosperm. A true seed is formed within a fruit. Non-flowering Plants Plants that do not possess the specialized reproductive organ, which is the flower, are called non-flowering plants. Those plants have evolved long before anthophytes. These plants are usually less complicated than flowering plants.

    However, there are many differences between flowering plants and non flowering plants. One of the main differences is that flowering plants do not have flowers or fruits. They do not have vessels in the xylem or sieve tubes and companion cells in the phloem. They require external water or at least internal fluids for fertilization.

    More importantly none of the non-flowering plants shows double fertilization. What is the difference between Flowering and Non-flowering Plants? Related posts:.

    Why are flowering and non-flowering plants important?

    The diversity of these autotrophic organisms is so huge that it is almost impossible to study each and every type.

    For simplicity in understanding, plants are further classified into different groups depending upon size, habitat, vascular bundles, flowers, spores, seeds, seed coat and many such characters. What are Flowering Plants? The plants that bear flowers after attaining maturity are collectively grouped under angiosperms having seeds with a protective coat.

    The angiosperms are further divided into monocots and dicots based on number of cotyledons present in the seeds. In the evolutionary process, the main purposes of developing flowers are, giving protection to the male and female reproductive parts and inviting the pollinating agents birds, insects for assisting in fertilization.

    Thus, the exclusive function of flowers in a plant is reproduction. What are Non-flowering Plants? As the term signifies, non-flowering plants are unable to produce blooms, even after they reach maturity.

    These non-flowering plants produce other reproductive structures, like strobili and spores. Also, there are simpler non-flowering plant forms that reproduce vegetatively. All bryophytes simple, nonvascular plantspteridophytes plants that produce spores and gymnosperms having seeds without protective coat are non-flowering plants. Difference between Flowering and Non-flowering Plants At the first glance, you can easily identify matured flowering and non-flowering plants. The former produces blooms of various colors, shapes and sizes during a specific time of the year, whereas these attractive flowers are missing in the non-flowering plants.

    Oftentimes, the vegetative phase of flowering plants are misidentified as non-flowering plants. Besides this obvious fact, flowering plants differ from the non-flowering kinds in certain aspects, of which some are highlighted below. Biodiversity When it comes to the diversity of flowering plants and non-flowering plants, the former represents a richer biodiversity than the later type.

    Wood One more difference between flowering plants and conifers is that flowering plants produce softwood while conifers produce hardwood. Vegetative Propagation Besides, flowering plants often undergo vegetative reproduction methods while vegetative reproduction methods are less common in conifers.

    What is the Difference Between Flowering Plants and Conifers

    Thus, this is another difference between flowering plants and conifers. Reproductive Structures Both male and female reproductive structures of flowering plants occur in the flower while reproductive structures of conifers occur in cones.

    Furthermore, the flower can be either unisexual or bisexual while cones are always unisexual. Placement of Ovules The ovules of flowering plants are covered by the ovary while the ovules of conifers are attached to the megasporophylls. Archegonia One other difference between flowering plants and conifers is that flowering plants do not produce archegonia while conifers have archegonia.

    Pollination The pollination of flowering plants mainly occurs via animals while the pollination of conifers mainly occurs through the wind. Flagella The sperms of flowering plants do not contain flagella while the sperms of conifers have flagella. Double Fertilization Flowering plants undergo double fertilization while conifers do not undergo double fertilization. Therefore, the endosperm and the plant body of the flowering plants are triploid while those in conifers are haploid.

    This is another difference between flowering plants and conifers. Seeds The seeds of the flowering plants are covered by a fruit while the seeds of the conifers are naked. Cotyledons The embryo of flowering plants contains one or two cotyledons while the embryo of conifers contains one or more cotyledons. Uses While flowering plants are used in food, medication, and clothing, conifers are used for lumber and papers. Conclusion Flowering plants produce a special reproductive structure called the flower.

    What are the similarities and differences between flowering and non-flowering plants?

    They undergo double fertilization to produce a triploid endosperm. The seed of the flowering plants is covered by a fruit. On the other hand, conifers produce unisexual cones as the reproductive structures. They do not undergo double fertilization and the seed of the conifer is naked. Therefore, the main difference between flowering plants and conifers is the features of sexual reproduction. Reference: 1. The dominant plant is the sporophyte, which may be dioecious or monoecious.

    The sporophyte is highly differentiated into stem, leaves and roots with well developed vascular tissues. They possess xylem containing vessels and phloem containing sieve tubes and companion cells. They also possess a highly differentiated reproductive organ, which is the flower.

    Anthophytes are heterosporous. The ovule develops within the ovary. The ovaries develop by the folding of megasporophylls. Folded megasporophylls are called carpals. When a carpel is formed the ovaries are enclosed within the carpel.


    thoughts on “Similarities of flowering and nonflowering plants

    • 09.08.2021 at 10:26
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      At me a similar situation. Is ready to help.

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